Nerdymark's Timelapse Machine - Raspberry Pi

Nerdymark's Timelapse Machine - Raspberry Pi

My Timelapse Machine - Raspberry Pi Build Log

First, some basic things... I'm assuming you know your way around a Linux box. This won't be too detailed, but if you get stuck, leave a comment and I'll do my best to help. I'm sure there's a lot of improvement we can make on the actual /etc/motion.conf file. If you have a particular configuration you like, please share!

/etc/network/interfaces

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback
iface eth0 inet static
address 10.0.1.11
netmask 255.255.255.0
network 10.0.1.0
broadcast 10.0.1.255
gateway 10.0.1.1

/etc/motion/motion.conf

daemon off
process_id_file /var/run/motion/motion.pid
setup_mode off
videodevice /dev/video0
# Values :
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_SN9C10X : 0  'S910'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_SBGGR8  : 1  'BA81'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_MJPEG   : 2  'MJPEG'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_JPEG    : 3  'JPEG'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_RGB24   : 4  'RGB3'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_UYVY    : 5  'UYVY'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUYV    : 6  'YUYV'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUV422P : 7  '422P'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUV420  : 8  'YU12'
v4l2_palette 6
input 8
width 960
height 720
# Maximum number of frames to be captured per second.
# Valid range: 2-100. Default: 100 (almost no limit).
#framerate 1
# Minimum time in seconds between capturing picture frames from the camera.
# Default: 0 = disabled - the capture rate is given by the camera framerate.
# This option is used when you want to capture images at a rate lower than 2 per second.
minimum_frame_time 0
# Let motion regulate the brightness of a video device (default: off).
# The auto_brightness feature uses the brightness option as its target value.
# If brightness is zero auto_brightness will adjust to average brightness value 128.
# Only recommended for cameras without auto brightness
auto_brightness off
# Set the initial brightness of a video device.
# If auto_brightness is enabled, this value defines the average brightness level
# which Motion will try and adjust to.
# Valid range 0-255, default 0 = disabled
brightness 0
# Set the contrast of a video device.
# Valid range 0-255, default 0 = disabled
contrast 0
# Set the saturation of a video device.
# Valid range 0-255, default 0 = disabled
saturation 0
# Set the hue of a video device (NTSC feature).
# Valid range 0-255, default 0 = disabled
hue 0
output_all off
output_normal off
output_motion off
ffmpeg_cap_new off
ffmpeg_cap_motion off
ffmpeg_timelapse 30
ffmpeg_timelapse_mode daily
ffmpeg_bps 1288000
ffmpeg_variable_bitrate 2
snapshot_interval 0
# Draws the timestamp using same options as C function strftime(3)
# Default: %Y-%m-%d\n%T = date in ISO format and time in 24 hour clock
# Text is placed in lower right corner
#text_right %Y-%m-%d\n%T-%q
#text_changes off
#text_event %Y%m%d%H%M%S
#text_double off
target_dir /mnt/motion
snapshot_filename %v-%Y%m%d%H%M%S-snapshot
jpeg_filename %v-%Y%m%d%H%M%S-%q
movie_filename %v-%Y%m%d%H%M%S
timelapse_filename %Y%m%d-timelapse
webcam_port 0
webcam_quality 50
webcam_motion off
webcam_maxrate 1
webcam_localhost off
webcam_limit 0
control_port 0
control_localhost off
control_html_output off
quiet on

/etc/default/motion

start_motion_daemon=yes

/etc/fstab

/dev/sda1       /mnt/motion     vfat    defaults,uid=106,gid=109,umask=000      0       0

Install the packages we need:

sudo apt-get install uvccapture uvcdynctrl motion

Prepare the pi for your USB stick (I'm using FAT32, use whatever you want!)

sudo mkdir /mnt/motion
cd /mnt/motion/
sudo chmod 777 .

From here, you should be able to power off your pi, plug in your formatted USB stick, a USB webcam, and when you boot next, it will start taking pictures. Some webcams have a LED indicator. If you see it turn on, you know you're in business. My goal was to make this as zero-touch as possible.

Adjust the "ffmpeg_timelapse 30" setting in /etc/motion.conf to configure your capture interval, in seconds.

Mark's Videos